(1) As I have attempted to submit in paragraph 5.8, it can constitute an equitable fraud because such a failure results in an improper exaction of income tax to the financial detriment of the taxpayer.(2) So far as the Norman kings were concerned it could only be a question of overlordship, of reprisals against Scottish and Welsh raids, and, perhaps, the exaction of tribute from subordinate kings.(3) This was followed by the further exaction from China of the right to build a railway through the Liaodong peninsula to the border of Korea; Liaodong, so recently saved from Japan, now passed into Russian control.(4) Norman ducal revenues were insufficient to meet even the cost of garrisoning its defences and so, to fund Richard's seemingly never-ending wars against Philip, England was subjected to unprecedented levels of financial exaction .(5) Redemption is the restoration of balance by the exaction of punishment or a payment in punishment's place (a satisfaction), a punishment proportionate to the position in the hierarchy of the one offended.(6) Taking the primary definition as it was, how then did section 16 operate as to the exaction of the payment to the revenue?(7) As it this was not enough to drain the resource of the mainly Catholic tenants, there was the exaction of money from the impoverished Catholics by the parsons.(8) However, the abuses that most affect ordinary Burmese-the expropriation of land, the conscription of labor, the arbitrary exaction of goods and funds, and the disastrously failing economy-are the products of state failure.(9) he supervised the exaction of tolls at various ports(10) Indeed, in a bull of 1212, Pope Innocent III relaxed the obligations of prior oaths and forbade the exaction of similar oaths in the future.(11) In economic terms, the exaction which was being delivered could be thought of as a tax on land value or recoupment of community benefit.(12) Similarly, the exaction of stiff reprisals for unexpected attacks on troops remote from the fighting front might cow the local population, or might stimulate them to more aggressive resistance.(13) Tax exaction became centralized, more efficient, and less expensive.(14) Again, however, the central point is that the redistribution resulted from Soviet choice, rather than from American exaction .(15) By shifting the balance of tax exaction to consumption taxes, the government was able to reap the benefits of the growth in conspicuous consumption associated with the rise of the middling classes.(16) His armpits start smelling of meat; he becomes an urban caveman, forever subjecting Russia to ├ö├ç├┐the detailed exaction of his connubial rights├ö├ç├û.